Mushroom field intensive squid double-ton technology

Squid (Leather beard) is delicious and nutritious, and it is loved by consumers. Mushroom intensive squid not only makes full use of animal food in water, but also reduces sage mushrooms and insect pests, increases fertilizer, and at the same time ensures that squid's water and mushroom can not be deprived of water for a lifetime, thereby forming sagittal mushroom and squid. Symbiosis and mutual benefit promote high yields. A large area of ​​practice has shown that the squid is intensively cultivated in the mushroom field for nearly 4 months. Individuals can reach about 1 kilogram, and can produce 1 to 1.2 tons per mu and 1 ton of mackerel per mu. Now, the technology for double-tons of intensive cultivation of eel squid by Mushroom is summarized as follows:
First, the construction of the plot generally chooses irrigation and irrigation, convenient sunlight, good water supply, fertile soil, and strong water retention. The aquaculture area can be determined according to the size, which is generally 3 to 5 mu. The external ring ditch 0.5 meters wide and 0.8 meters deep should be excavated around the Mushroom field and a 0.5 m wide and 0.6 m deep ditch should be excavated every 2.5 to 5 meters on the surface. The trenches are opened into "Ten" and "Tian" fonts, and the trenches are in communication with the ring and trench trenches, and the excavated soil is used to reinforce and raise the trenches so as to prevent water from escaping and reduce the temperature difference between day and night and facilitate fishing. General Tianshao must reach 0.8 meters in height and 0.5 meters in width, and must be beaten and strong so that it does not crack, leak or fall. There are irrigation and drainage systems at both ends of the mushroom field. Irrigation facilities, such as fences or dense iron windows, shall be installed at the irrigation and drainage outlets.
Before flooding the mushroom field, 50-60 kg of lime per acre is used to sprinkling the whole field with water to kill wild fish and eliminate germs. Then, 200-250 kilograms of cooked pigs and cow manure per acre are used as the base fertilizer, 150 kilograms of which are evenly spread into the bottom of the trenches, and the rest are applied on the field surface to fertilize the water quality, reproduce plankton, and provide more natural bio-feed for the squid.
Second, Sagitta mushroom transplantation According to the variety of pros and cons and the situation with the mouth, generally in early July transplantation is appropriate. Before transplanting, firstly sow good mushroom seedlings, wash away thick mud, remove phyllo-stemmed, slim, and inferior seedlings. Transplant density is 50 to 80 cm square with a hole diameter of 1 to 2,000 trees per mu. . The mushroom needs a large amount of water for a lifetime. After planting, the field should be kept dry, and the surface water level should be between 10 and 15 centimeters, so as to form a symbiosis and mutual benefit relationship between the mushroom and the squid.
Third, the carp stocking In order to improve the survival rate of carp, stocking specifications to be large, the general stocking length per acre more than 10 cm of carp seedlings 1100 ~ 1300 tail. Restocking time is appropriate in mid-July, when Sagittarius has grown to a height of 25 cm or more. Carp seedlings should be enough at one time, the size is basically the same, to avoid eating too much. When entering the field, the fish should be soaked with 3% to 4% saline for 4 minutes.
Fourth, feedstuffs feedstuffs have a wide range of sources of feed, such as a variety of animal carcasses, scraps and some plant feeds. When the shellfish feed is fed, the shell must be broken and placed on the feed table; other animal feeds such as fly larvae, cocoons, cockroaches, dead fish, dead shrimps, slaughterhouses and food factories can be fed. However, the toughness needs to be chopped first, and then the broiler is fed into a bolus to feed it, which can increase the utilization rate; the powdered animal and plant feed such as silkworm cocoon powder, fish meal, bone meal, shrimp shell powder, corn flour, wheat flour, and sugar Bran, pancake flour, etc., are preferably blended with ground minced meat and fed into a mixed feed. The powdered feed can also be formulated as a pellet feed containing more than 30% crude protein according to the nutritional requirements of the catfish. Its reference formula is: corn flour 20%, wheat flour 15%, rice bran 20%, soybean (fried) powder 10%, lai seed cake powder 15%, silkworm meal powder 12%, fish meal 8%.
Feeding material adheres to the principle of "Four Sets": regularly, feeding twice a day, at 8 to 9 o'clock in the morning and 17 to 19 o'clock in the afternoon, respectively; setting a food table at the fish ditch and feeding the food into the food table to facilitate observation of eating and drinking Quality, protein content in feed should be more than 30%, and feed composition changes should be carried out gradually, should not be mutated; quantitative, the general daily feeding amount is 10% to 12% of fish body weight. And with the weather, water quality, the previous day's food intake and fish growth and development stages and other gradual changes, usually within 4 hours after eating. In general, changes in the amount of feeds often show a small amount in the early period, a maximum in the medium term, and a slight decrease in the later period.
Fifth, daily management adhere to the morning and evening tour, carefully observe the water, prevent water quality deterioration, so as not to cause death of carp oxygen deficiency. Generally, the field water is refreshed once every 7-10 days. When the water is changed, the raw water is discharged from 1/3 to 1/2, then poured into fresh water, and gradually deepens as the water temperature rises and the growth of fish and sagittaria grows. . The squid can “crawling” along the water, and should prevent it from escaping when heavy rain or heavy rain falls, and at any time check whether there are loopholes in the field and the integrity of the fishing facilities. In addition, it is necessary to frequently clear the ditch to ensure smooth water flow and maintain a good habitat for the eel.
VI. Pest control According to the survey, carp can eat more than 60% of the pests in Mushroom fields. If the population density of Saussurea quinquefolium is too high, we can use high-efficiency, low-toxicity, low-residue, broad-spectrum pesticides for prevention and treatment. The disease of salmonid should be guarded against. From August onwards, from 12.5 to 15 kilograms of lime in lime water every 10 to 15 days (according to the ditch system area), the enemy should be caught in time. Water snakes, etc., prohibiting ducks and geese from entering Mushroom fields.
VII. Harvesting and harvesting of goods The fishing of carp is best adopted in batches to obtain higher yields and benefits. Fishing is generally started from mid-October and completed by the end of November. After the squid fishing is completed, the mushroom can be harvested. The harvesting period for the mushroom is from December to March of the following year. (641008 Fulong Township Agricultural Technology Promotion Center, Zhongjiang District, Sichuan Province)

1.Seeds type     F1 hybrid chilli seeds

2.Fruit skin       Light green

3.Fruit weight   80 grams

4.Fruit size       The size of the package is visible.

5.Maturity day   90 days after sowing

6.Resistance      Powdery mildew,downy mildew and blight 

7.Indoor or outdoor       Both

8.Yield              4000 to 5000kgs/667㎡

9.Germination rate      more  than 90%

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