General management technical points of long-haired rabbits

The method of catching rabbits to catch rabbits is often encountered in daily management, such as estrus identification, pregnancy examination, disease diagnosis, and drug injection. The method of catching rabbits should be correct, otherwise it may cause adverse consequences.
Before catching the rabbit, the cage can be taken away from the trough and the water basin. The right hand blocks the rabbit from the front of the rabbit to make it restless, then gently presses the ear against the shoulder and grabs the skin. Lift it up. Then the left hand holds the buttocks and the rabbit's center of gravity moves to the left hand. When moving a rabbit, to prevent the rabbit's paws from slamming and struggling to embed the pedal gap, resulting in fractures or claw folds, the rabbit can be backed off from the rabbit cage in a back outward manner.
In order to prevent the rabbit's claws from injuring the skin, the rabbit's limbs should be outward and back toward the person's chest. For rabbits that are biting people, they can be distracted (such as teasing the food) and then quickly grasp the skin of their neck and shoulders.
. Identification of male and female identification of male and female rabbits after birth and eye opening, generally based on the shape of the genital hole and the distance from the anus. The method is: Grab the ear and neck of the baby rabbit with one hand, clamp the tail with the middle finger and forefinger of the other hand, and push the genital hole with the thumb to the rabbit head direction. If the gonads are cusp-shaped, the lower cracks extend to the anus and the female rabbit; if the genital hole is round or the shape of a horseshoe is a male rabbit.
Young rabbits or young rabbits after sexual maturity are easy to check. Can be identified through the male penis, scrotum and female vulva obvious vulva.
. The age is identified as the exact age of the rabbit, only viewing the records. In the absence of evidence, it can be roughly estimated according to the body surface and appearance, that is, according to the old, middle and blue grades roughly distinguish between. It is generally believed that rabbits aged 6 months to 1.5 years are young rabbits, rabbits 1.5 to 2.5 years old are young rabbits, rabbits older than 2.5 years old are old rabbits. The discrimination is usually based on the condition of the claws, teeth, and coat.
Young rabbits. The claws are short and straight, shiny and hidden in the foot. The base color of the white rabbit's claws is pink and the tip is white. Young rabbits have more red paws and less white paws. In general, red and white are about 12 months old, red more than white less than 1 year old. The young rabbits have bright eyes and lively action. The skins are thin, tight and flexible. The front teeth are white, short and neat, and the tooth gap is extremely small.
Strong young rabbit. The claws are longer and slightly more white than red. Agile and full of energy. The teeth are white, slightly older, rougher and more neat. The skin is strong and tight.
Old rabbits. The claws are rough, long and uncluttered, the tips of the claws are bent or broken, and about half of the claws are exposed outside the feet. Toe claws have more white parts than red parts. The eyes are decadent, the action is slow, the incisors are pale yellow, thick and long, rough, irregular, damaged, and have large tooth gaps.
. Numbering Rabbits and test rabbits should be numbered in order to facilitate daily management and recording of production performance, as well as selection, selection, and scientific testing.
The numbering is performed before the weaning of the pups, and registration is done at the same time. It is a common practice to hit the ear number on one ear. The male rabbit is in the left ear and the female rabbit is in the right ear. Some custom male rabbits use odd numbers and female rabbits use even numbers.
The specific numbering method is as follows:
Acupuncture method: In the middle of the rabbit ear without a blood vessel with a drip fountain pen (pen point on the stone to abrade the tip protrusion) to draw ink using vinegar research (ink added in the amount of vinegar can also), pierce the epidermis , to reach the skin can be. When penetrating the nib, the skin of the ear shell must not be punctured, and the force should be uniform and consistent in depth and depth. A few days later it will be the blue number that will never fade. This method is simple and suitable for use.
Ear mark stamp: Use pins to arrange numbers, cast on plaster or cast on aluminum metal to make stamps with different numbers. At the time of numbering, first sterilize the middle part of the rabbit's ear shell, then apply some vinegar ink, and then use the stamp to press it.
Ear mark pliers: with a special ear clamp, according to a certain number, in the sterilized, painted ink inside the ear shell clamp pressure Serve.
Ear tag method: Pre-printed numbers on aluminum ear tags, then stuck on the ears. When the ear tag is on, two people are required to perform the procedure. One person will be good for the rabbit, and the other person will be sterilized at the inner side of the ear with no hair at the inner side. Then use a small pointed knife to pierce a small mouth and insert the ear tag into the small mouth to form a circle and fix it. You can. This method often causes rabbits to feel unbearable and gives a cry, so it is rarely used.
. All the male rabbits who do not leave the seed for the use of castration should be castrated. After the male rabbit castrated, his temperament was docile, which facilitated group rearing, speeded up growth, increased hair production and prevented the spread of inferior species. The method of castration is as follows:
Knife-cutting method: When castrated, the bunnies are turned upside down, and the limbs are tied to the corner of the table with a rope. Later, first with the left hand to the testicles from the abdominal cavity into the scrotum and pinch tightly, and then disinfect the incision with alcohol, and then use a sterile knife to cut a small scrotum and cut the testicles. If it is an adult male rabbit, due to the thick blood vessels, in order to prevent excessive bleeding, hemostasis can be used to stop bleeding, or ligation, and then cut off the spermatic cord. Use the same method to remove the other testis. Finally, disinfect with iodine at the incision.
Practice has proved that knife-cutting is better. After the castration, the wounds healed quickly and the rabbits had less pain.
Ligation: Use the above fixed method to squeeze the testis into the scrotum, and then use the nylon thread to fasten the spermatic cord below the testis, or use a rubber band to tighten the testis separately. With this method, blood circulation can be stopped and castration can be achieved. After ligation, the testes quickly became swollen, gradually shrinking and falling off after half a month.
Drug castration: Inject testis with 3% iodine and inject 0.5-1.0 ml into each testis. After the injection, the testicles swelled and gradually shrank after half a month. This method is applicable to larger male rabbits whose testicles have fallen into the scrotum after sexual maturity. Be sure to place the liquid in the center of the testicle when injecting. Liquid injections can cause death outside the testis.
. The claw claw is a hard keratinized derivative of the skin and has the function of protecting the toes, digging holes, and fighting. The claws are kept in suitable lengths due to constant contact with the ground in wild or ground free-range conditions. However, under cage conditions, the claws have lost their wear environment, resulting in longer and longer, even malformed growth, end hooks, and left and right bends, forcing the rabbits to use the ankle joints. Over time, swelling of the ankle joints becomes inflamed and even foot dermatitis occurs, affecting the activity of the rabbits, especially affecting breeding of rabbits. Therefore, adult rabbits should cut their claws.
The cutting claws can be used as ordinary fruit tree pruning shears. The method is, the surgeon left the rabbit's scapular skin, so that the hips gently touch the ground, right hand holding scissors cut 0.5 to 1 cm at the outer end of the claws red line (claw and cardiovascular), adult rabbits should be 2 to 3 months Fix the claw once. When cutting claws, if the experience is not enough, two people should operate.
. The purpose of combing and combing is to smooth the combing of various parts, prevent tangling into pieces, and improve the quality of rabbit hair. General rabbits begin to comb after weaning, once every half month. Combs can be made of metal or wooden combs. Comb the back of the neck and comb the shoulder, back, and hindquarters. Then, lift the heads of both ears to raise the rabbit's head, comb the neck and chest; lift the neck, comb the abdomen, inner thighs and foot hair, and finally comb the head. Combing is generally combed from top to bottom. In the event of agglomeration, it can be retrograde or open by hand. For scissors that cannot be torn open, use scissors to cut it off.
The number of combing varies depending on the species. Loose, loosely arranged, disorderly varieties and individuals are susceptible to agglomeration and require frequent grooming. For those species and individuals whose coat density is large, the structure of the hairs is obvious, and they are closely arranged, the coat is not easily tangled. In particular, individuals with high densities do not tangled even if they do not comb for 3 months. Therefore, increasing the coat density is the main measure to prevent rabbit hair tangles and reduce the number of combing hairs.
. Shearing and shearing are the main methods of wool collection. General puppies up to 45 to 60 days of age can be cut head hairs, after every 75 to 90 days and then cut once. Adult rabbits can be cut 4 to 5 times a year. The specific number and timing of the shearing should be based on the local climatic conditions and the grade of rabbit hair taken. In general, cut each time before entering the summer and during the winter season, and cut the former one by the hair. The latter does not cut the belly hair or make the hair longer, so that the winter can be kept cold.
The hair should be combed smoothly before shearing, and the rabbit hairs will be separated from the dorsal midline to form two parts. Then cut the hair in the following order: bilateral body → buttocks → neck → submandibular → abdomen → limbs and head. Cut the hair into the box according to the length, color and degree of good and bad.
Professional shearing scissors can be used for shearing, and hair cutting or cutting scissors can also be used. Skilled workers usually cut a rabbit every 5 to 10 minutes. Shearing is a technical job that requires courage, carelessness, and diligence. The following problems should be noted when shearing.
Tighten skin scissors. Do not mention rabbit hair cuts to prevent the skin from forming bulges and being cut. Especially in skin folds, it is necessary to tighten the skin and slowly cut it.
Anti-cut two knife hair. If you cut a knife and leave it too high, you must not trim it. Otherwise, the cut short hair mixed in the long hair will affect the rabbit hair quality. When the angle between the scissors and the skin is too large and the length of the body arc is too long, it is easy to form two blades, and special attention should be paid.
Close to the hair root shears. Scissors should be parallel to the skin, and one knife near the skin scissors. The hair on the nipple, testicle and external genitalia can stay longer.
Anti-skin hair. When the skin is accidentally cut and mixed in rabbit hair, it is called a fur. In this case, the skin should be removed. Otherwise, the comb needle will be damaged during combing, which will affect the product quality. When the skin is cut, apply iodine to prevent bacterial infection.
Pay attention to the physiological stage. Female rabbits generally cut hairs before mating to promote estrus, increase conception rates and reduce the number of stillbirths. Generally not shearing during pregnancy. If you want to cut the hair, you should take care of it, and the belly hair should not be cut so that it can lay its nest. Kinds of male rabbits should always shear their hair to increase sexual desire. However, during the peak season, it is not appropriate to cut the hair, so as not to affect the breeding effect.
The right environment. The shearing should be done in a well-lighted, clean and hygienic room with a spacious, airtight shearing room. In case of windy weather, doors and windows must be closed to prevent rabbit hair from flying. The shearing room should be equipped with whetstones, scales, notebooks, and fur accessories. Grab the edging grade, cut one and call it one, and record it in time.
Pay attention to weather changes. In colder seasons such as winter, it is necessary to choose shearing in sunny weather. After shearing, pay attention to cold insulation. After scorching in summer, prevent sun exposure.
Rabbits suffering from infectious diseases need to be sheared individually. Rabbit hair should be stored separately. The use of special tools can prevent the spread of disease.
. Plucking hair removal is an auxiliary method of hair collection. Plucking can promote skin blood circulation, accelerate rabbit hair growth, prevent hair loss, and improve the ratio of rabbit hair quality and high quality hair. Plucking also thickens the hair follicles, gradually increasing the proportion of coarse hair. Therefore, plucking more and more people's attention.
When plucking, use a comb to comb through the hair, and then use the left hand to fix the rabbit, the right thumb to press the rabbit's hair on the index finger, and finally evenly force, a small handful of unplug. You can also use the thumb to press the long hair on the comb.
Plucking hair is divided into two types: long and short. The former is suitable for the cold season or the moulting season, and is pulled once every 1 to 1.5 months. The latter is suitable for the warm season and the hair replacement period. Plucking takes time and effort and is suitable for small-scale family rabbit farms. When pulling hairs, please note the following points:
Young rabbits are thin and tender, and should not be plucking their hair twice.
Pregnancy rabbits, lactating female rabbits and breeding male rabbits should not be plucked, otherwise they may cause a miscarriage and a decrease in the amount of lactation, affecting male rabbit mating.
Plucking is suitable for varieties and individuals with small hair density. For dense rabbits, shearing should be the main method.
Don't forcibly pull hair when you have a short hair and time for pulling hairs.
. Chemical hair removal has been tried by cyclophosphamide drugs for hair removal, which has little effect. The drug is an anti-cancer drug that can temporarily inhibit cell division, prevent the growth of rabbit hair, make the hair roots thinner, easy to hair removal and plucking, but the hair removal time is not concentrated after taking the drug, and the rabbit hair loss is more. In addition, rabbits have large differences between individuals, and the amount of medication is not easy to grasp. A large number of medications have adverse effects on the rabbit body, and the amount is insufficient to achieve the purpose of hair removal, and it is also easy to cause the middle section of the hair fibers to break easily. Therefore, use this drug carefully.

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